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R&D Projects

PULSELiON   |   HORIZON-CL5-2021-D2-01-05 

Grant ID: 101069686
Set 2022 – Aug 2026


PUlsed Laser depoSition tEchnology for soLid State battery manufacturIng supported by digitalizatiON.


Enabling large scale manufacturing of solid-state batteries;
Overcoming current battery cells limitations in terms of voltage and safety (reducing the Lithium dendrite formation risk) leading to an increased intrinsic thermal and electrochemical stability.


Develop a manufacturing process for Gen 4b solid-state batteries (SSBs) based on lithium-metal anode, sulfide solid electrolytes, and Nickel-rich NMC cathode, while improving the battery energy density (450 Wh/Kg and 1200 Wh/L), costs and safety;
Bring Pulsed Laser Deposition (PLD) based solid-state battery manufacturing technology from TRL3 to TRL6


Increase global competitiveness of the European battery ecosystem through delivering breakthrough technologies and knowledge in battery materials, cell design and manufacturing for next generation solid-state batteries; 
Increase safety and long-term stability of future batteries during their operational life; 
Accelerate the application of batteries in EVs and the renewable energy sector, due to increased energy, power and charging performance of batteries; 
Enable the production costs decrease to below € 75/kWh with the novel PULSELiON manufacturing technologies, when applied in mass productions; 
Advance sustainability and Life Cycle Assessment of the battery value chain by increasing the critical material recovery rate of the PULSELiON batteries during recycling to 90%, via eco-design of the battery production and recycling processes.


Research Team:
Maria Helena Braga | 0000-0003-4577-2154
Luis Oliveira | 0000-0003-2180-0376

Main Contribution:
  • Perform electrochemical and characterization studies inlab-scale solid-state cells;
  • Mature a Digital Data Platform (DDP) by digitalise economic and environmental data and streamline the inventories for the LCA and Cost Modelling;
  • Provide comprehensive and iterative LCA studies on the developed techniques and small- and large-scale battery cells and quantify their environmental performance;
  • Develop economic models for the manufacturing processes and solid-state cells in terms of production and use, considering their capability for recycling and recovery of critical material.