You must enter at least one word.
Space & Aeronautics (SA)

Space & Aeronautics (SA)

Space & Aeronautics (SA)

Multidisciplinary design optimization of hybrid rocket composite propulsion.


  • Breakthrough developments in the design, manufacturing and experimental testing of structural components for rockets.
  • Contribution to the establishment and use of the spaceport in Azores.

Key Tasks

  • Multidisciplinary design optimization of hybrid rockets.
  • Design of lightweight cryogenic propellant advanced composite tanks.
  • Systems design of lightweight composite space launchers.


  • New high-performance thermoplastic matrices, to provide enhanced toughening and opening the possibility to have demisable cryogenic tanks.
  • Integration of carbon-based nanomaterials, for enhanced mechanical properties, and self-sensing, for SHM systems.
  • New experimental testing capabilities of novel COPVs under cryogenic conditions.
  • A multidisciplinary design optimization framework and an optimal conceptual design of a N2O-paraffin wax hybrid rocket, focused on maximizing the specific impulse and minimizing the total rocket weight.

Featured Publications

Teixeira, P., Akhavan‐Safar, A., Carbas, R. J. C., & da Silva, L. F. M. (2021). Influence of the cure state on mechanical properties of an epoxy‐based adhesive: Experimental characterization and numerical simulation. Polymers for Advanced Technologies.
DOI: 10.1002/pat.5589
View publication
De Souza, A. G. et al. Comparison of the Satellite Attitude Control System Design using the H method and H8/MLI with pole allocation considering the parametric uncertainty. WSEAS Transactions on Circuits and Systems, 20, 88-95.
DOI: 10.37394/23201.2021.20.12
View publication
Morgado, M. Development of a Multidisciplinary Framework for Hybrid Rockets (2021) MSc Thesis, IST. Supervisors: F Afonso and and A. Suleman.
View publication
M. Morgado, A. Souza, F. Afonso and A. Suleman, “Multidisciplinary Design Optimization Framework for the Conceptual Design of Hybrid-propulsion Suborbital Rockets”, 8th Edition of Space Propulsion Conference, 2022, Lisbon, Portugal
View publication
Souza A., Morgado M., Afonso F., Lau F. and Suleman A. “On the multidisciplinary analysis and design optimization of hybrid rocket launchers” accepted as oral presentation in 5º Encontro de Jovens Investigadores do LAETA (5EJIL), 2022, Lisbon, Portugal
View publication
Gonçalves, P. T., Arteiro, A., Rocha, N., & Pina, L. (2022). Numerical Analysis of Micro-Residual Stresses in a Carbon/Epoxy Polymer Matrix Composite during Curing Process. Polymers, 14(13), 2653.
DOI: 10.3390/polym14132653
View publication

Global Coordinator

Afzal Suleman

Other Institutional Coordinators

André Resende Rodrigues Silva
Nuno Miguel Marques Pereiro Rocha


Alain de Souza
Paulo Reinier Teixeira Gonçalves